African MedicineImhotepVet Medicine in MogoliaYoga BabyMonar
Above Images are as follows: The Space Shuttle Atlantis; The Caduceus; Medicine and the African Child; Astronomy; Image of Imhotep, the Ancient Egyptian father of medicine; Strands of DNA; Planet Earth;
Geological look at a land form; Mongolian Veterinarians; Chemical compounds in Test Tubes; Yoga  Baby Ad; Monarch Butterfly.

This page was last updated on the 29th of April 2013.

   
Danita Redd
Webpage ProfilePhoto
Counseling and Career Development Faculty
Moorpark College (MC)

Member of
The
National Association of Advisors for the Health Professions, Inc.;
Western  Association of Advisors for the Health Professions, Inc.;  The National  Career Development Associat
ion;
The American Counseling Association, Inc.; and
The Foundation for Human Enrichment

Tip for a quick use of this site: Find you major and click the link for it.
After clicking a link, hit back space in the browser to return to this page or right click any link to open it in a new window.


Biography of Prof. Redd

Prof. Redd's Blog for Students and Colleagues     International Volunteer (Service) Agencies and Study Abroad

General Information
: Click

Undecided Majors (and Any Major): Start Here
 
Science, Mathematics, Engineering Majors: Start Here
  
Health Sciences Majors: Start Here


Futurist Employers for Scientists

 
Advisement for
Science, Health Sciences, Mathematics & Engineering Majors
Call (805) 378-1428 to book an appointment.

Popular Majors in Science, Mathematics and Engineering 
Click for Comprehensive Links


Astronomy & Astrophysics       Biological/Life Sciences      Biotechnology      Chemistry & Biochemistry         

Engineering        Environmental Science        Forensic Science  
  

Earth Sciences:  Geography and Geology, what is the difference?    Geology      Geography  
  
Mathematics      Nanotechnology      Physics



Popular Majors in Health Sciences
Click for Comprehensive Links

Allopathic & Osteopathic Medicine     Body Work     Chiropractic Medicine     Dentistry     Dental Hygiene     Dentist     Dietetic and Nutritional Science    

Eye Care
    Holistic Medicine     Eastern Medicine/Oriental Medicine     Naturopathic Medicine     Nursing (Transfer)     Occupational Therapy 
  
  Ophthalmology
    Optometry      Pharmacy     Physical Therapy     Physician Assistant     Podiatric Medicine     Sports Medicine     Veterinary Medicine & Science     YOGA


Career, College Success, Counseling and Transfer Services at Moorpark College

Current Counseling Department Classes: COUN M01- Student Success, COUN M02 - Career Development, COUN M20 - Self-Paced Career Assessment

MC Counseling Department
Career Transfer Center
Internships and Work Experience
College Strategies

What Can I Do With This Major: A-Z Links     U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (USBLS)/A-Z Careers     ASSIST   O*NET     California Career Cafe

International Volunteer (Service) Agencies and Study Abroad

Prof. Redd's Blog for Students and Colleagues



Futuristic Employers for Scientists

David Anderson Institute/Physics/Time & Space        Virgin Companies/Aerospace/Engineering/Space        Moller\Flying Car/Rescue Vehicle

Gates Foundation/Computers/Medicine/Science Education        Bigelow Aerospace/Engineering/Space Travel

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General Information
This page does not substitute for the need to meet with Prof. Redd or one of the other members of the Counseling Faculty. This site was designed to give you a place to explore your interest in science and health sciences majors and to give you an idea of possible courses to take. You need to develop an education plan (list of courses) that is specific to your desired level of education and academic goals. All information is constantly changing and is subject to updates so please do not rely on this site for all of your education planning. Consider this page as just a starting point. Make sure to check for course prerequisites and corequisites and to arrange a meeting with a counselor by calling (805) 378-1428.

Plan to start taking courses in your major during your first semester at Moorpark College.
You need to take a mathematics course every semester until you have completed the requirement.
You should complete the English, Communications, and Critical Thinking requirements as soon as possible!


Please don't let the fear of mathematics deter you from your dream of being a scientist or mathematician. Talk to Prof. Redd about mathematics study strategies.

All information is subject to change and does not replace the need to meet with Danita Redd or one of the other members of the Counseling Faculty.

Nano2Nano3Nano4NanoNano2Nano3Nano4Nano
Nanotechnology Images

Popular Majors in Science and Engineering:
Science, Mathematics and Engineering
Helium Gif
                                                                                                                                                            Image of the helium atom.

Many other science majors are available than what is listed. Please check the links and make an appointment with Danita Redd

A-Z Careers by Cornerstone        A-Z List for Science and Engineering Careers and Resources        Cool Science Careers        Global List of Science Careers

Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowships at Cal Tech         National Security Agency (NSA)        NSA's Science Career Fields

Astronomy/Astrophysics

Astronomers and astrophysicists study the solar system, stars, galaxies, and space using principles of physics and mathematics. Their work adds to the basic scientific knowledge about the nature of the universe and also provides a basis for improvement in such areas as aircraft navigation and satellite communication. They study planets, stars, novas, and colliding gasses between stars in an attempt to find out how they were formed, what they are made of and how they change. They measure light; radio and x-ray emissions from space sources and plot paths for man made satellites and space probes. Currently, the United States has a shortage of  Ph.D. level astronomers.

Sample Lower Division Courses: MATH M25A, MATH M25B, MATH M25C, MATH M31, MATH M35; PHYS M20A + Lab, PHYS M20B + Lab, PHYS M20C + Lab;
Sometimes: AST M01 + Lab and AST M02

National Average Yearly Salary: $95, 740.00

USBLS      MC Catalog page for Astronomy
American Astronomical Society (AAS)
Astronomical Society of the Pacific       NASAmoongif


Biological/Life Sciences

  Life Scientists (Biology, Biotechnology, Neuroscience, Physiology, etc.) study the origin, development, anatomy, function, distribution, and other basic principles of plant and animal life. Life scientists may work in research, manufacturing, teaching, and natural resource management, consulting, or a combination of these and some work in the laboratory as well as in the classroom. Some of the disciplines includes anatomy, general biology, biotechnology, botany, cellular, fisheries, genetics, marine biology, microbiology, neuroscience, physical anthropology, medical anthropology, psychobiology (biopsychology or physiological psychology), physiology, wild life conservation, zoology, etc. 

Majors that have an option with a biology focus include:
Anthropology: (Biological Anthropology, Forensic Science, Medical Anthropology, Physical Anthropology);
Psychology: (Bio psychology, Physiopsychlogy, Physiological Psychology, Psychobiology); APA Careers; Environmental Science

Sample Lower Division Major Courses: *(MATH M25A + MATH M25B) or *(MATH M16A + MATH M16B); BIOL M02A, BIOL M02B, BIOL M02C;
CHEM M01A, CHEM M01B, CHEM M07A, CHEM M07B;

Physics: The requirement varies and often could be taken after transfer. Please see a counselor for more information.
*The Mathematics Requirement varies with the selection of university.

National Average Yearly Salary: $76, 320.00
USBLS        MC Biology Department        A-Z Career Links in Biology by Furman Universitybutterfly gif


Biotechnology

Biotechnologists use living cells and materials to create pharmaceutical, diagnostic, agricultural, environmental, and other products to benefit society. They also alter genetic information in animals and plants to improve them in some way that benefits people. The science of biotechnology involves the integration of such advanced disciplines as biochemistry, genetics, chemical engineering, process engineering, and computer science.


Courses for the MC Biotechnology Department: (CHEM M01A + CHEM M01B) or (CHEM M12+ CHEM M13); BIOL M02A; PHSO M01 or BIOL M02B; MICR M01;
MATH M15; BIOT M01A, BIOT M01B, BIOT M02A, BIOT M02B, BIOT M02C, BIOT M02D, BIOT M02E, BIOT M80


Courses for Transfer: See Biology

National Average Yearly Salary with an Associate Degree: $48, 443.00

National Average Yearly Salary:
See Biology/Life Sciences

USBLS        MC Catalog page for Biotechnology       Home page of the MC Biotechnology Department        Careers in Biotechnology   Biotech/Clonegif


Chemistry & Biochemistry

 Chemistry is the study of the composition of matter and its properties such as density, acidity, size and shape. Chemists carefully describe the properties they study in terms of quantities, with detail on the level of molecules and their component atoms. Chemists carefully measure substance proportions, reaction rates, and other chemical properties.Chemists use this knowledge to learn the composition, and properties of unfamiliar substances, as well as to reproduce and synthesize large quantities of useful naturally occurring substances and create new artificial substances and useful processes. Chemists may specialize in any number of sub-disciplines of chemistry. Materials scientists and metallurgists share much of the same education and skills with chemists. Chemical engineers are concerned with the physical processes necessary to carry out industrial reactions (heating, cooling, mixing, diffusion, etc.) and to separate and purify the products and work with industrial chemists on the development of new processes.

Sample Lower Division Major Courses: MATH M25A, MATH M25B, MATH M25C, (usually MATH M35 and/or MATH M31);
CHEM M01A, CHEM M01B, CHEM M07A, CHEM M07B; PHYS M20A + Lab, PHYS M20B + Lab, PHYS M20C + Lab;
Biochemistry Majors add: BIOL M02A and BIOL M02C


National Average Yearly Salary: $66, 230.00

USBLS      MC Catalog page for Chemistry        American Chemical Society: A - Z Careers in Chemistrycarbon gif


Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences is also known as geosciences and is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth. There are four major disciplines in earth sciences, namely geography, geology, geophysics and geodesy. These majors use the disciplines of physics, chemistry, biology, chronology and mathematics to build a quantitative understanding of the principal areas or spheres of the Earth system. Atmospheric Science, Environmental Science,  Meteorology, Paleontology, Water Science/Hydrology, etc. are often found in earth sciences directories.

Sample Lower Division Major Courses: MATH M25A, MATH M25B, MATH M25C; CHEM M01A, CHEM M01B; PHYS M20A + Lab, PHYS M20B + Lab, PHYS M20C + Lab

National Average Yearly Salary: $88, 882.00
USBLS        Explore Careers in the Earth Sciencesearth in black and green gif

Engineering

 Engineering is the discipline, art and profession of acquiring and applying technical, scientific and mathematical knowledge to design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes that safely realize a desired objective or inventions. The American Engineers' Council for Professional Development (ECPD) defined engineering as "the creative application of scientific principles to design or develop structures, machines, apparatus, or manufacturing processes, or works utilizing them singly or in combination; or to construct or operate the same with full cognizance of their design; or to forecast their behavior under specific operating conditions; all as respects an intended function, economics of operation and safety to life and property.”  In 1980 the ECPD evolved into the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) to more accurately describe its emphasis on accreditation.

Some Engineering Disciplines: Aerospace, Agricultural, Biomedical, Ceramics, Chemical, Civil, Computer Hardware, Electrical and Electronics,
Environmental, Industrial, Marine, Mechanical, Mining, Navel, Nuclear, Petroleum

Sample Lower Division Major Courses: MATH M25A, MATH M25B, MATH M25C, MATH M31, MATH M35; PHYS M20A + Lab, PHYS M20B + Lab, PHYS M20C + Lab;
CHEM M01A (other courses could included Math M21, CHEM M01B; CS M10B; ENGR M04, ENGR M12, ENGR M16, ENGR M20


National Average Yearly Salary Range:
$74, 144.00 - $107, 546.00

USBLS
        Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology        National Academy of Engineering?


Environmental Science

Environmental Science is an interdisciplinary field that involves both the physical sciences (physics, chemistry, biology, geology, geography, resource technology and engineering) and the social sciences (resource management and conservation, demography, economics, politics and ethics).  It encompasses the surrounding conditions that affect man and other organisms. Natural and human resources are interdependent and the use or misuse of one affects the other. Please meet with a social sciences counselor if your interest in environmental science comes under that category. Meet with me if your interest in the field of the environment is in science or engineering.

Sample Lower Division Major Courses: MATH M 15 or MATH M25A; PHYS M20A + Lab,
CHEM M01A, CHEM M01B; ENSC M01 + Lab, ENSC M02;

Depending on focus: BIOL M02A, BIOL M02B

National Average Yearly Salary Range: $77, 150.00 - $88, 882.00

USBLS     MC Catalog page for Environmental Science        Explore Careers in the Environment/Ecology

cars around the earth
Have fun with Crazy Horses.
                                               
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Forensic Science

Forensic Scientists do work done for police and other law enforcement departments. They collect and test physical evidence, such as fiber, tissue, hair, body fluids and glass, that may be used to solve a crime. Forensic scientists need at least a Bachelor of Science degree in science, forensic science or criminology in order to be eligible for employment. Graduate level degrees are encouraged by most employers.


Sample Lower Division Major Courses: Depends on Actual Major - Possible majors could included Biology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Physical Anthropology

National Average Yearly Salary Range: $50,000 - $125.00

USBLS        All About Forensic Science Careers        American Academy For Forensic Science

Careers in Forensic Science by The American Society for Clinical Lab Science

Guidance Notes/Great Advice        Pay Scale Report on Forensic Scientists

The Forensic Scientist as Described by Criminal Justice USA

Geography & Geology, what is the difference?  

The main difference between these two disciplines is that geographers deal with the question “Where?” and examine spatial relationships and patterns.  Geography is typically divided into two sub-disciplines: (1) Physical and (2) Human.  Increasingly, spatial patterns are often uncovered with the use of technologies such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Global Position Systems (GPS). 

Geology is primarily concerned with earth processes and the distribution minerals and other economically valuable materials. Geologists ask themselves when and how with respect to deciphering the earth’s history as it is preserved in the “rock record”.  For example, what kind of rock and how/when was it created?  This information is used in industry, land use-planning and in disaster prevention.

Geology

Geologists study the origin, history, composition, and structure of the earth, both for scientific knowledge and for practical purposes such as locating oil, minerals, and other raw materials, and compiling architectural safety reports, maps, and diagrams. Geologists first locate and obtain physical data such as mineral or fossil specimens. Next, they use knowledge of Chemistry, Physics, Math, and Biology, usually in a well-equipped laboratory, to analyze the data and specimens. Finally, they compile all the knowledge they have gathered into reports for use by other scientists and engineers. Specialties: Engineering, Space, Geothermal, Marine, Mineralogy, Mining, and Petroleum.

Sample Lower Division Major Courses: MATH M25A, MATH M25B, MATH M25C; CHEM M01A, CHEM M01B;
PHYS M20A + Lab, PHYS M20B + Lab, PHYS M20C + Lab; GEOL M02 + Lab


National Average Yearly Salary: $80, 000.00

USBLS        MC Catalog page for Geology        Explore Careers in Geology        Explore Careers in the Geosciences        Geology.commeteorshowergif

Geography

Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that foremost seeks to understand the Earth and all of its human and natural complexities—not merely “where” objects are, but how they have changed, come to be, and/or continue to interact.  Geographic scale (from micro to global) is an important consideration because spatial relationships depend on the size of the area under considered.  As a “bridge” discipline between the human and environmental phenomenon, geography is divided into two subfields: human geography and physical geography. The former focuses largely on the built environment and how space is created, viewed and managed by humans.   The latter is further divided into Climatology (study of earth’s climate), Biogeography (the distribution of living organisms) and Geomorphology (the surface expression of the land). 

 Click to see Braches of Geography.

Sample Lower Division Major Courses:GEOG M01+ Lab, GEOG M02; GIS M01; Math M15

National Average Yearly Salary: $80, 000.00

moorparkcollege.edu/weather       moorparkcollege.edu/wxhistory

       USBLS        MC Catalog page for Geography       The American Geographical Society

Association of American Geographers        National Geographical Society  


Mathematics

 Mathematics is the study of science and of quantity, structure, space and change. Mathematicians seek out patterns,
formulate new conjectures and establish truth by rigorous deduction from appropriately chosen axioms and definitions. There is debate over whether mathematical objects such as numbers and points exist naturally or are human creations. The mathematician Benjamin Peirce called mathematics "the science that draws necessary conclusions".  Albert Einstein, on the other hand, stated that "as far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain; and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality. "Through the use of abstraction and logical reasoning, mathematics evolved from counting, calculation, measurement, and the systematic study of the shapes and motions of physical objects. Practical mathematics has been a human activity for as far back as written records exist. Rigorous arguments first appeared in Greek mathematics, most notably in Euclid's Elements. Mathematics continued to develop, in fitful bursts, until the Renaissance, when mathematical innovations interacted with new scientific discoveries, leading to an acceleration in research that continues to the present day.Today, mathematics is used throughout the world as an essential tool in many fields, including natural science, engineering, medicine, and the social science. Applied mathematics, the branch of mathematics concerned with application of mathematical knowledge to other fields, inspires and makes use of new mathematical discoveries and sometimes leads to the development of entirely new disciplines. Mathematicians also engage in pure mathematics, or mathematics for its own sake, without having any application in mind, although practical applications for what began as pure mathematics are often discovered later.

Sample Lower Division Major Courses: MATH M25A, MATH M25B, MATH M25C, MATH M31, MATH M35; CS M10A; PHYS M20A + Lab  
 

National Average Yearly Salary: $90, 000.00

USBLS       
MC Catalog page for Mathematics        Cool Math Careers       

Mathematics Careers/Mathematics Association of America        Student Membership in the Mathematics Association of America

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnologists study the control of matter on an atomic and molecular scale. Generally nanotechnology deals with structures of the size 100 nanometers or smaller and involves developing materials or devices within that size. Nanotechnology is very diverse, ranging from extensions of conventional device physics to completely new approaches based upon molecular self-assembly, from developing new materials with dimensions on the nanoscale to investigating whether we can directly control matter on the atomic scale. Nanotechnology has the potential to create many new materials and devices with a vast range of applications, such as in medicine, electronics and energy production. (It could be studied through such programs as Biology,  Bioinformatics, Biotechnology, Chemistry and Physics.)

Sample Lower Division Major Courses: See Biology, Chemistry or Physics

National Average Yearly Salary: 90, 000.00

Nanotechnology Careers        Foresight Institute and Nanotechnology Careers
List of Nanotechnology Applications - Wikipedia Link microscopegif

Physics

  Physics is the study of matter and its motion through spacetime and all that derives from these, such as energy and force. More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the world and universe behave. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Over the last two millennia, physics had been considered synonymous with philosophy, chemistry, and certain branches of mathematics and biology, but during the Scientific Revolution in the 16th century, it emerged to become a unique modern science in its own right. However, in some subject areas such as in mathematical physics and quantum chemistry, the boundaries of physics remain difficult to distinguish. Physics is both significant and influential, in part because advances in its understanding have often translated into new technologies, but also because new ideas in physics often resonate with the other sciences, mathematics and philosophy. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism or nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products which have dramatically transformed modern-day society (e.g., television, computers, and domestic appliances); advances in thermodynamics led to the development of motorized transport; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.

Sample Lower Division Major Courses: MATH M25A, MATH M25B, MATH M25C, MATH M35; PHYS M20A + Lab, PHYS M20B + Lab, PHYS M20C + Lab; CHEM M01A;
(Often MATH M31 and CHEM M01B)


                                                                                                                         National Average Yearly Salary: $102, 890.00                                                                                                                                                  
USBLS        MC Catalog Page for Physics        Concentrations in Physics    The American Institute of Physics        Jet Propulsion Laboratory @ Cal Techelectricitygif


Math ImageAncient Egyptian AirplaneMath ImageAncient Egyptian AirplaneMath ImageAncient Egyptian AirplaneMath ImageAncient Egyptian Airplane

Popular Majors in Health Sciences Asclepis Staff
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The symbol for emergency medicine.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Images of the Caduceus are explained by the Phil. Dept. @ the U of C.

Criminal Disclosure is Mandatory for All Potential Health Scientists!

Many other health sciences majors are available than what is listed. Please check the links and make an appointment with Danita Redd.
 
Here is the link to the number one site: Explore Health Careers, A-Z
Furman's A-Z Links for Health Sciences: A - Z in Health Sciences
Furman's Guide to Health Sciences Professional Schools and Programs: Health Professional Programs
Medical/Health Career Info: Medical/Health


Allopathic & Osteopathic Medicine

A physician — also known as medical practitioner, doctor of medicine, medical doctor, or simply doctor — practices the ancient profession of medicine, which is concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment  of disease or injury. This properly requires both a detailed knowledge of the academic disciplines (such as anatomy and physiology) underlying diseases and their treatment — the science of medicine — and also a decent competence in its applied practice — the art or craft of medicine. Both the role of the physician and the meaning of the word itself vary significantly around the world, but as generally understood, the ethics of medicine require that physicians show consideration, compassion and benevolence for their patients.

Click for Sample Courses: See MD/DO Click

National Average Yearly Salary Range: $186, 000 - $340,000.00

USBLS        Aspiring Doctors        Considering a Medical Career?       Medical Specialties         AMA        AMSA.o


Body Work 

Bodywork is a term used in alternative medicine or complementary medicine to describe any therapeutic, healing or personal development work which involves some form of touching, energetic work or the physical manipulation of a practically oriented physical and somatic understanding of the body. Most forms of bodywork are listed under somatic disciplines such as Alexander Technique, Bates Method, Bioenergetics, Bowen Technique, Callenetics, Continuum, Feldenkrais Method, Kinesiology, Massage, Qi Gong, Reiki, Rolfing, Somatic Experiencing, Dance such as 5Rhythms by Gabrielle Roth, Tai Chi, Trager Approach, etc.

Sample Lower Division Major Courses: ANAT M01; BIOL M01 or BIOL M02A; CHEM M12; PHSO M01

National Average Yearly Salary Range: $17.00 per hour - $150.00 per hour

USBLS    The Body Worker     Somatic Experiencing    The International Center for Reiki Healing    5Rhythms                                          

Chiropractic Medicine

Chiropractic Doctors (DC), diagnose and treat patients whose health problems are associated with the body's muscular, nervous, and skeletal systems, especially the spine. Also known as Chiropractors, they believe interference with these systems impairs normal functions and lowers resistance to disease. The chiropractic approach to health care is holistic, stressing the patients overall wellbeing. It recognizes that many factors affect health, including exercise, diet, rest, environment, and heredity.
 

Click for Sample Courses: See DC Click

National Average Yearly Salary: $85, 273.00

USBLS        A Risky Career        American Chiropractic Association        National Board of Chiropractic Examiners        Chiropractic Medicine Internet Resources

Dentistry

Work in Dentistry includes the job titles of Dentist, Dental Assistant, Dental Hygienist, Dental Laboratory Technician & Orthodontist.

Dental Hygiene

Dental Hygienists clean teeth and provide other preventative dental care as well as teach patients how to practice good oral hygiene. They, also, examine patients teeth and gums, and record the presence of diseases and abnormalities.

Sample Major Courses at MC (for community college programs):
BIOL M01; CHEM M12, CHEM M13; MATH M03 or MATH M04B; ANAT M01; PHSO M01; MICR M01; NUTR M01; ENGL M01A; PSY M01, SOC M01, COMM M01

Sample Lower Division Major Courses at
MC (for university level programs): BIOL M02A, BIOL M02B;
CHEM M01A, CHEM M01B, CHEM M07A (sometimes CHEM M07B); ANAT M01; PHSO M01; MICR M01; COMM M01; NUTR M01; PSY M01, SOC M01

National Average Yearly Salary: $66, 570.00

USBLS    Oxnard College Catalog Page for Dental Hygiene        Accredited Dental Hygiene Schools in California with Contacts       

American Dental Hygienists' Association       

Dentist

Doctors of Dentistry diagnose, prevent, and treat problems of the teeth and tissues of the mouth. They remove decay and fill cavities, examine X-rays, place protective plastic sealant on childrens' teeth, straighten teeth, and repair fractured teeth. Most dentists are general practitioners and other dentists practice in one of eight specialty areas. Orthodontists, the largest group of specialists, straighten teeth. Oral and Maxillofacial surgeons operate in the mouth and jaws. Other dentists
 specialize in pediatric dentistry; periodontics (treating the gums and the bone supporting the teeth); prosthodontics (making artificial teeth or dentures); endodontics (root canal therapy); dental public health; and oral pathology (studying the diseases of the mouth).

Click for Sample Courses: See DDS Click

National Average Yearly Salary: $142,870

USBLS        American Dental Association        American Dental Education Association        American Student Dental Association

One British Patient's Story - The American Way of Dentistry

Dietetic and Nutritional Science

Nutritionists are highly qualified professionals who are nationally recognized as experts on food and nutrition and can be found in a variety of settings. Management dietitians work in health care institutions, schools, cafeterias, and restaurants. They are responsible for personnel management, menu planning, budgeting, and purchasing. Clinical dietitians are a vital part of the medical team in hospitals, nursing homes, health maintenance organizations and other health care facilities. They work with doctors, nurses, and therapists to help speed patients recovery and lay the groundwork for long term health. Opportunities for advancement are available by choosing a particular area of nutrition, such as diabetes, heart or pediatrics. Community dietitians work in public and home health agencies, daycare centers, health and recreations clubs and in government-funded programs that feed and counsel families, the elderly, pregnant women, children, disabled and underprivileged individuals. Wherever proper nutrition can help improve quality of life, they reach out to the public to teach, monitor and advise. Educator dietitians work in colleges, universities and community or technical schools, teaching future doctors, nurses, dietitians and dietetic technicians the sophisticated science of foods and nutrition. Other specialties are Research, Consultant, Business, and Technical.

Sample Lower Division Major Courses at MC for CSU, Northridge: BIOL M01; CHEM M12, CHEM M13; PHSO M01; MICR M01; NTS M09
Recommend: Math M15 and NTS M01
(Some universities require additional courses in chemistry and biology.)

                                                                                                                         National Average Yearly Salary: $41,060 and $61,790                                                                                                                       
USBLS        MC Catalog page for Nutritional Science        Nutritional Science Careers by World Wide Learn

The America Dietetic Association (ADA)
Apple gif


Eye Care

There are four human eye care professionals: Optometrists, Ophthalmologists, Opticians and Orthoptics.

Ophthalmology


Ophthalmologists deal with the diseases and surgery of the visual pathways that includes the eye, hairs and areas surrounding the eye, such as the lacrimal system and eyelids.The term ophthalmologist is an eye specialist for medical and surgical problems.    


Click to see Sample Courses for MD: Follow the plan for MD until you meet with the Pre-Med Counselor Click

National Average Yearly Salary: $96, 320.00

                                                                           
Optometry

Doctors of Optometry (OD) are concerned with eyes and related structures, as well as vision, visual syatems, and visual information processing in humans. Optometrists and optometry-related organizations interact with governmental agencies, other health care professionals, and the community to deliver eye and vision care.


Click to see Sample Courses for MD: Follow plan for MD until you meet with the Pre-Med Counselor Click

National Average Yearly Salary: $96, 320.00

USBLS        AOA        AOSA        ASCO


Holistic Medicine
      (Also, see Eastern Medicine.)

Holistic medicine is the art and science of healing that addresses care of the whole person - body, mind, and spirit. The practice of holistic medicine integrates conventional and complementary therapies to promote optimal health and prevent and treat disease by addressing contributing factors. In practice, this means that each person is seen as a unique individual, rather than an example of a particular disease. Disease is understood to be the result of physical, emotional, spiritual, social and environmental imbalance. Healing, therefore, takes place naturally when these aspects of life are brought into proper balance. The role of the practitioner is as guide, mentor and role model; the patient must do the work - changing lifestyle, beliefs and old habits in order to facilitate healing. All appropriate methods may be used, from medication to meditation.

Sample Lower Division Courses: varies/not available - see counselor

National Average Yearly Salary: not available

American Holistic Medical Association        American Board of Integrative Holistic Medicine       National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Alternative Medical Careers       Guide to College Majors in Alternative Medicine       How to Choose a Career in Natural Medicine                   


Eastern Medicine/Oriental Medicine

Oriental Medicine is a range of medical practices that usually originate in China. Although well accepted in the mainstream of medical care throughout East Asia, it is considered an alternative medical system in much of the Western world. A licensed practitioner is known as O.D., Doctor of Oriental Medicine.
The practice includes such treatments as herbal medicine, acupunture, dietary therapy, massage and Qi Gong.


Click for Sample Courses: See OD Click

National Average Yearly Salary: $40.00 - 150.00 per hour

Exploring East West Medicine        Eastern Journal of Medicine


Naturopathic Medicine

Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine (ND, or in Arizona also Naturopathic Medical Doctor, or NMD), in sixteen U.S. States and six Canadian provinces, refers exclusively to an alternative medicine degree granted by an accredited naturopathic medical school. Naturopathic medicine is a complementary and alternative medicine which emphasizes the body's intrinsic ability to heal and maintain itself. Naturopaths prefer to use natural remedies such as herbs and foods rather than surgery or synthetic drugs. Naturopathic practice includes many different modalities. Practitioners emphasize a holistic approach to patient care and may recommend patients use conventional medicine alongside their treatments.

Click for Sample Courses: See ND Click

National Average Yearly Salary Range: $50,000.00 - $80, 000.00

The American Association of Naturopathic Medicine    Association of Accredited Naturopathic Medical Colleges
        Naturopathic Medicine Network


Nursing (Transfer)

A Registered Nurse (RN) in collaboration with other members of a health care team, is responsible for: treatment, safety, and recovery of acutely or chronically ill individuals; health promotion and maintenance within families, communities and populations; and, treatment of life-threatening emergencies in a wide range of health care settings. Nurses perform a wide range of clinical and non-clinical functions necessary to the delivery of health care and may also be involved in medical and nursing research.

Sample Lower Division Courses: *BIOL M01 or *BIOL M02A; *CHEM M11 or *CHEM M12; MATH M07; ANAT M01; PHSO M01; MICR M01
COMM M01; PSY M01; SOC M01 (for some UC programs include BIOL M02B, BIOL M02B; CHEM M01A, CHEM M01B, CHEM M07A)
*See Counselor to select the correct courses.

National Average Yearly Salary: $62, 450.00

USBLS        Board of Registered Nurses, CA        National Council of State Boards of Nursing        Discover Careers in Nursing by Johnson & Johnson

College Atlas - Career Info for Nursing Students

Occupational Therapy

 Occupational Therapists  help patients with work and leisure activities to promote health by helping people find ways to adapt their lives. Occupational therapists use careful analysis of physical, environmental, psychosocial, mental, spiritual, political and cultural factors to identify barriers to occupation. The primary goal of an Occupational therapist is to enable individuals, groups and communities to participate in actitivies which are meaningful to them, reflect their beliefs and values and produce a sense of accomplishment or satisfaction. Occupational therapy has been described as addressing the "skills for the job of living" necessary for "living life to its fullest." Occupational therapy draws from the fields of medicine, psychology, sociology, anthropology, ethnography, architecture and many other disciplines in developing its knowledge base.

Sample Lower Division Courses: BIOL M01; ANAT M01; MATH M15; PHSO M01, PHYS M01; PSY M01; PSY M08; SOC M02

National Average Yearly Salary: $66,780

  USBLS        AOTA        World Federation of Occupational Therapists

Pharmacy

In their traditional role, pharmacists (Pharm.D) typically take a request for medicine from a prescribing health care provider who is usually a medical doctor in the form of a medical prescription, evaluate the appropriateness of the prescription, dispense the medication to the patient and counsel them on the proper use and adverse effects of that medication. In this role pharmacists act as a learned intermediary between physicians and patients and thus ensure the safe and effective use of medications. Pharmacists also participate in disease-state management, where they optimize and monitor drug therapy or interpret medical laboratory results in collaboration with physicians or other health professionals. Pharmacists have many areas of expertise and are a critical source of medical knowledge in clinics, hospitals, medical laboratory and community pharmacies throughout the world. Pharmacists also hold positions in the pharmaceutical industry as well as in pharmaceutical education and research and development institutions. In some countries. patients will consult with a pharmacist before making the decision to meet with a medical doctor.

Click for Sample Courses: See Pharm.D Click

National Average Yearly Salary: $106, 401.00

USBLS     The Pharmacist        Careers in Pharmacy        Travel Pharmacy and Medicine        APA  


Physical Therapy

A Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) makes diagnosis,  interventions for, and prevention of impairments, functional limitations, and disabilities related to movement,
function, and health.


Sample Lower Division Major Courses: BIOL M01; CHEM M01A; CHEM M01B, ANAT M01; PHSO M01; MATH M07, MATH M15,
PHYS M10A + Lab, PHYS M10B + Lab; PSY M01

National Average Salary: $72, 790.00

USBLS
        APTA     Career Advice from Physical Therapists


Physician Assistant

Physician Assistants (PA) are licensed to practice medicine under the supervision of a licensed physician. A physician assistant is concerned with preventing, maintaining, and treating human illness and injury by providing a broad range of health care services that are traditionally performed by a physician. PAs conduct physical exams, diagnose and treat illnesses, order and interpret tests, counsel on preventive health care, assist in surgery, and write prescriptions. They exercise autonomy in medical decision making as determined by their supervising physician. Physician assistants are educated in the medical model designed to complement physician training. 

Sample Lower Division Courses: BIOL M01; CHEM M01A, CHEM M01B; Math M07; ANAT M01; PHSO M01; MICR M01; PSY M01; SOC M01

National Average Salary: $82, 230.00

USBLS      American Academy of Physician Assistants        California Academy of Physician Assistants


Podiatric Medicine

Doctors of Podiatric Medicine (DPM), also known as podiatrist and podiatric physician or surgeon, are qualified by their education and training to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and related structures of the leg.

Click for Sample Courses: See MD/DO Click

National Average Salary: $113, 560.00

USBLS        Society of Chiropodists and Podiatrists        APMA and Careers

Sports Medicine

 Sports medicine specializes in preventing, diagnosing and treating injuries related to participating in sports or exercise, specifically the rotation or deformation of joints or muscles caused by engaging in such physical activities. There are different avenues to the practice which include Medical School, Physical Therapy School, Athletic Training, Chiropratic Medicine, and Kinesiology.

Sample Lower Division Major Courses: See Allopathic and Osteopathic Medicine, Chiropractic Medicine and Physical Therapy
or talk to a counselor about a major in Kinesiology


National Average Salary: See Allopathic and Osteopathic Medicine, Chiropratic Medicine and Physical Therapy     

AKTA         Chiropractic Med/Sports Med Internet Resources        Hand Therapy              National Athletic Trainers


Veterinary Medicine & Science

 Vererinarians (DVM) practice the application of medical, diagnostic, surgical, dental, and therapeutic principles to companion, domestic, exotic, wildlife and production animal. Veterinary Science is vital to the study and protection of animal production practices, herd health and monitoring the spread of disease. It requires the acquisition and application of scientific knowledge in multiple disciplines and uses technical skills directed at disease prevention in both domestic and wild animals. The field of veterinary medicine is a highly competitive yet under employed field of medicine. The skills of highly qualified veterinarians are in constant demand and job opportunities within this field are endless.

Click for Sample Courses: See DVM Click

National Average Yearly Salary: $80,000.00

USBLS     Careers in Veterinary Medicine     Other Careers in Veterinary Medicine


YOGA: Hatha Yoga and Yoga Teachers

Hatha Yoga is form of exercise  that is practiced for mental and physical health throughout India and the West.

Sample Lower Division Major Courses: Meet with a counselor to determine applicable courses.

National Average Salary Range: $10.00 per hour - $60.00 per hour

How to Become a Yoga Teacher        White Lotus Foundation in Santa Barbara           Career Profile of a Popular Yoga Teacher                                                            


I do not advise for the following MC Programs: Nursing and Radiologic Technology. 
Please call the Counseling Department to learn more about advisement for the aforementioned  programs.

Pre-Medical Type/Health Sciences Pre-Professional Programs

Key: R=required   r=strongly recommended   =recommended/encouraged * =refer to Notes column
MD = Medical Doctor, DO = Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine, DVM = Doctor of Veterinarian Medicine, DDS = Doc of Dental Surgery, DMD=Doctor of Dental Medicine, Pharm.D = Doctor of Pharmacy,  DC=Doctor of Chiropractic Medicine, ND=Doctor of Natropathic Medicine, OD= Doctor of Oriental Medicine

Courses

MD/DO            

DVM

DDS/DMD

Pharm.D

DC

ND/OD

MD/Ph.D.

MD/ND

Notes

Inorganic Chemistry 1A+1B

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

Major in Pharmacy, CHEM., PHSO, BIOL, etc. for  PharmD

Organic Chemistry

7A+7B

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

 

Bio

Chemistry

r

R

R

r

r

R

r

½ years of Biochem is required for some dental programs such as UCLA's.

Quant-An Chemistry

r

r

r

R

r

r

R

r

 

General Biology

2A+2B

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

A major in animal sci, life sci, etc. is best for  pre-Vet

Cell/Mole Biology

2C

r

R

r

r

r

r

R

r

 

Genetics

r

r

r

r

r

r

r

r

 

Human or Animal Nutrition

/

/

R/AN

/

/

r

r/HU

/

/

r

Nutr. needs CHEM pre-req. @ the university level

Pre-Calculus

7 or (5+6)

R

R

R

R

r

R

r/stats

R

R

Requirement  is a skill level proven by examination & does not have to appear on the transcript

Calculus

16A+ 16B or 25A+25B

R*

R*

r

R*

r

r

R

r

 

Physics 10A+10B or 20 (A+B+C)

R

R

r

R

R

R

R

R

 The Physics Lab courses are
required.

Psychology

M01 (M07 for ND)

r*

/

/

r

r

r

r

r

r

*PSYC is required by many Med. Schools and is strongly

recommended by others.

English

1A+1B+1C

R*

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

UC recommends all 3 Engl.courses for pre-med. Use 1B for Hum. & 1C for Critical Thinking

Research

r

r

/

/

/

/

r

r

R

r

 

Work (internship-

paid/volunteer)

r

R

r

R

r

 

Application Exam

MCAT

VCAT

DAT

PCAT

varies

varies

MCAT/GRE

MCAT

 

Chart by dredd@vcccd.edu     Information is subject to changes and updates! April 29, 2013  



Crazy Horses


World wide, car exhaust pollutes the planet!
Here is one song, through the years, about cars and how our use of them pollutes the air.
(Pop History Note: The song was written in less than one hour.)
Crazy Horses
Crazy Horses = cars
written by A. Osmond, W. Osmond & M. Osmond
Teen Idol Years:
1972 (Live Concert)        1972 (British TV)      1972 - Germany        1972 - Ohio        1980
Covered by Other Musicians: Tank, 1982        Matt Sinner, 1990        Westlife, 2006
Middle Age and Still Singing About Air Pollution:
2008 - Ireland

cars around the earth
Some entry descriptions were adapted from Eureka and Wikipedia.

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