and the African Child; Astronomy; Image
of Imhotep, the
Ancient Egyptian father of medicine; Strands of DNA; Planet Earth;
Geological look at a land form; Mongolian Veterinarians; Chemical
Test Tubes; Yoga Baby Ad; Monarch Butterfly.
page was last updated on the 29th of April 2013.
Danita Redd Counseling and Career
Development Faculty Moorpark
for the Health Professions, Inc.;
the Health Professions, Inc.; The National Career
American Counseling Association, Inc.; and The
Foundation for Human Enrichment
you major and click the link for it.
After clicking a link, hit back space in the browser to return to this
page or right click any link to open it in a new window.
Sciences, Mathematics & Engineering Majors
378-1428 to book an appointment. Popular
Majors in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Click for Comprehensive Links
page does not substitute for the need to meet with Prof. Redd or
of the other members of the Counseling Faculty. This site was designed
you a place to explore your
interest in science and health sciences majors and to give you an idea
of possible courses to take. You need to develop an education plan
courses) that is specific to your desired level of education and
academic goals. All information is constantly changing and is
subject to updates so please do not rely on this site for all of your
planning. Consider this page as just a starting
point. Make sure to check for course
and corequisites and
to arrange a meeting with a counselor by calling (805) 378-1428.
to start taking courses in your
during your first semester at Moorpark College.
You need to take a
mathematics course every semester until you have completed the
You should complete the English, Communications, and Critical Thinking
let the fear of mathematics deter you from your dream of being a
scientist or mathematician. Talk
to Prof. Redd about mathematics study strategies.
information is subject to change and does not replace the need to meet
with Danita Redd or one of the other members of the Counseling Faculty.
Popular Majors in
Science and Engineering:
Many other science
available than what is listed. Please
check the links and make an appointment with Danita Redd
are made of and how they change. They measure light; radio and x-ray
emissions from space sources and plot paths for man made satellites and
space probes. Currently, the United States has a shortage
of Ph.D. level astronomers.
Lower Division Courses: MATH M25A, MATH M25B, MATH M25C, MATH M31, MATH
M20A + Lab, PHYS M20B + Lab, PHYS M20C + Lab;
Sometimes: AST M01 + Lab and AST M02
etc.) study the
origin, development, anatomy, function, distribution, and other basic
principles of plant and animal life. Life scientists may work in
manufacturing, teaching, and natural resource management, consulting,
or a combination of these and some work in the laboratory as well as in
the classroom. Some of the disciplines includes anatomy, general
biology, biotechnology, botany, cellular, fisheries, genetics, marine
biology, microbiology, neuroscience, physical anthropology, medical
anthropology, psychobiology (biopsychology or physiological
psychology), physiology, wild life conservation, zoology, etc.
that have an option with a
biology focus include:
Anthropology: (Biological Anthropology, Forensic
Lower Division Major Courses: *(MATH M25A + MATH M25B) or
*(MATH M16A + MATH
M16B); BIOL M02A, BIOL M02B, BIOL M02C;
M01A, CHEM M01B, CHEM M07A, CHEM M07B; Physics: The requirement
varies and often could be taken after transfer.
Please see a counselor for more information. *The
and materials to create pharmaceutical, diagnostic,
agricultural, environmental, and other products to benefit society.
They also alter
genetic information in animals and plants to improve them in some way
that benefits people. The science of biotechnology involves the
integration of such advanced disciplines as biochemistry, genetics,
chemical engineering, process engineering, and computer science.
for the MC Biotechnology Department:(CHEM
or (CHEM M12+ CHEM M13); BIOL
M02A; PHSO M01 or BIOL M02B; MICR M01;
MATH M15; BIOT M01A, BIOT M01B, BIOT M02A,
BIOT M02B, BIOT M02C, BIOT M02D, BIOT M02E, BIOT M80
Courses for Transfer: See Biology
National Average Yearly Salary: See
is the study of the composition
of matter and its properties
such as density, acidity, size and shape. Chemists carefully describe
the properties they study
in terms of quantities, with detail on the level of molecules
and their component atoms.
Chemists carefully measure substance proportions, reaction
rates, and other chemical properties.Chemists use this knowledge to
learn the composition, and properties
of unfamiliar substances, as well as to reproduce and synthesize large
quantities of useful naturally occurring substances and create new
artificial substances and useful processes. Chemists may specialize in
any number of sub-disciplines of chemistry. Materials scientists and
metallurgists share much of the same education and
skills with chemists. Chemical engineers are concerned
with the physical processes necessary to carry out industrial reactions
(heating, cooling, mixing, diffusion, etc.) and to separate and purify
the products and work with industrial chemists on the development of
Lower Division Major Courses: MATH M25A, MATH M25B, MATH M25C, (usually
M35 and/or MATH M31);
CHEM M01A, CHEM M01B, CHEM M07A,
CHEM M07B; PHYS M20A + Lab, PHYS M20B + Lab, PHYS M20C + Lab;
Biochemistry Majors add: BIOL M02A
and BIOL M02C
Sciences is also
known as geosciences and is an all-embracing term for
the sciences related
to the planet Earth. There are four
major disciplines in earth sciences, namely geography, geology,
geophysics and geodesy. These majors use the disciplines of physics,
chemistry, biology, chronology and mathematics to build a quantitative
understanding of the principal areas or spheres of the Earth system.
Atmospheric Science, Environmental Science, Meteorology,
Paleontology, Water Science/Hydrology, etc. are often
found in earth sciences directories.
Lower Division Major Courses: MATH M25A, MATH M25B, MATH M25C; CHEM
CHEM M01B; PHYS M20A + Lab, PHYS M20B + Lab, PHYS M20C + Lab
is the discipline, art and profession of acquiring and applying
technical, scientific and mathematical knowledge to design and
implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and
processes that safely realize a desired objective or inventions. The
American Engineers' Council for Professional Development (ECPD) defined
engineering as "the creative application of scientific principles to
design or develop structures, machines, apparatus, or manufacturing
processes, or works utilizing them singly or in combination; or to
construct or operate the same with full cognizance of their design; or
to forecast their behavior under specific operating conditions; all as
respects an intended function, economics of operation and safety to
life and property.” In 1980 the ECPD evolved into the
Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) to more
accurately describe its emphasis on accreditation.
that involves both the physical
sciences (physics, chemistry, biology, geology, geography, resource
technology and engineering) and the social sciences (resource
management and conservation, demography, economics, politics and
ethics). It encompasses
surrounding conditions that affect man and other organisms. Natural and
human resources are interdependent and the use or misuse of one affects
the other. Please meet with a social sciences counselor if your
interest in environmental science comes under that category. Meet with
me if your interest in the
field of the environment is in science or engineering.
Lower Division Major Courses: MATH M 15 or MATH M25A; PHYS
CHEM M01A, CHEM M01B; ENSC M01 + Lab, ENSC M02; Depending on
BIOL M02A, BIOL M02B
Average Yearly Salary Range: $77, 150.00 - $88, 882.00
done for police and other law enforcement
departments. They collect and test physical evidence, such as fiber,
hair, body fluids and glass, that may be used to solve a crime.
Forensic scientists need at least a Bachelor of Science degree in
science, forensic science or criminology in order to be eligible for
Graduate level degrees are encouraged by most employers.
Lower Division Major Courses: Depends on Actual Major - Possible majors
could included Biology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Physical Anthropology
Range: $50,000 -
patterns.Geography is typically divided
into two sub-disciplines:
(1) Physical and (2) Human.Increasingly,
spatial patterns are often uncovered with the use of technologies such
Information Systems (GIS) and Global Position Systems (GPS).
is preserved in the “rock record”.For
example, what kind of rock and how/when was it created?This information is used in industry, land
use-planning and in disaster prevention.
architectural safety reports, maps, and diagrams. Geologists
locate and obtain physical data such as mineral or fossil specimens.
use knowledge of Chemistry, Physics, Math, and Biology, usually in a
well-equipped laboratory, to analyze the data and specimens. Finally,
compile all the knowledge they have gathered into reports for use
scientists and engineers. Specialties: Engineering, Space, Geothermal,
Mineralogy, Mining, and Petroleum.
M20A + Lab,
PHYS M20B + Lab,
PHYS M20C + Lab;
M02 + Lab
to be, and/or continue to interact. Geographic scale (from micro to global) is an
important consideration because spatial relationships depend on the
size of the
area under considered. As a “bridge” discipline
between the human and environmental
phenomenon, geography is divided into two subfields: human geography
geography. The former focuses largely on the built environment and how
created, viewed and managed by humans.The latter is further divided into Climatology
(study of earth’s climate), Biogeography (the distribution of living
and Geomorphology (the surface expression of the land).
Mathematics is the study of
science and of quantity, structure, space and change.
Mathematicians seek out patterns,
formulate new conjectures and establish truth by rigorous deduction
from appropriately chosen axioms and definitions. There is debate over
whether mathematical objects such as numbers and points exist naturally
or are human creations. The mathematician Benjamin Peirce called
mathematics "the science that draws necessary conclusions".
Albert Einstein, on the other hand, stated that "as far as the laws of
mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain; and as far as they
are certain, they do not refer to reality. "Through the use of
abstraction and logical reasoning, mathematics evolved from counting,
calculation, measurement, and the systematic study of the shapes and
motions of physical objects. Practical mathematics has been a human
activity for as far back as written records exist. Rigorous arguments
first appeared in Greek mathematics, most notably in Euclid's Elements.
Mathematics continued to develop, in fitful bursts, until the
Renaissance, when mathematical innovations interacted with new
scientific discoveries, leading to an acceleration in research that
continues to the present day.Today, mathematics is used throughout the
world as an essential tool in many fields, including natural science,
engineering, medicine, and the social science. Applied mathematics, the
branch of mathematics
concerned with application of mathematical knowledge to other fields,
inspires and makes use of new mathematical discoveries and sometimes
leads to the development of entirely new disciplines. Mathematicians
also engage in pure mathematics, or mathematics for its own sake,
without having any application in mind, although practical applications
for what began as pure mathematics are often discovered later.
control of matter on an atomic and
scale. Generally nanotechnology deals with structures of the size 100
nanometers or smaller and involves developing materials or devices
within that size. Nanotechnology is very diverse, ranging from
extensions of conventional device physics to completely new approaches
based upon molecular self-assembly, from developing new materials with
dimensions on the nanoscale to investigating whether we can directly
control matter on the atomic scale.
Nanotechnology has the potential to
create many new materials and devices with a vast range of
applications, such as in medicine, electronics and energy production.
(It could be studied through such programs as Biology,
Bioinformatics, Biotechnology, Chemistry and Physics.)
Sample Lower Division
Major Courses: See Biology, Chemistry or Physics
Physics is the study of
matter and its motion through spacetime and all
that derives from these, such as energy and force. More broadly, it is the general analysis
of nature, conducted in order to understand how the world and universe
behave. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the
oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Over the last two millennia, physics had
been considered synonymous with philosophy, chemistry, and certain
branches of mathematics and biology, but during the Scientific
Revolution in the 16th century, it emerged to become a unique modern
science in its own right. However, in some subject areas such as in
mathematical physics and quantum chemistry, the boundaries of physics
remain difficult to distinguish. Physics is both significant and
influential, in part because advances in its understanding have often
translated into new technologies, but also because new ideas in physics
often resonate with the other sciences, mathematics and philosophy. For
example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism or nuclear
physics led directly to the development of new products which have
dramatically transformed modern-day society (e.g., television,
computers, and domestic appliances); advances in thermodynamics led to
the development of motorized transport; and advances in mechanics
inspired the development of calculus.
Lower Division Major Courses: MATH M25A, MATH M25B, MATH M25C, MATH
M20A + Lab, PHYS M20B + Lab, PHYS M20C + Lab; CHEM M01A;
(Often MATH M31 and CHEM M01B)
A physician — also known as
medical practitioner, doctor of medicine,
medical doctor, or simply doctor — practices the ancient profession of
medicine, which is concerned with maintaining or restoring human health
through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease or injury.
This properly requires both a detailed knowledge of the academic
the science of medicine — and also a
decent competence in its
applied practice — the art or craft of medicine. Both the role of the physician and the meaning of the word
itself vary significantly around the world, but as generally
understood, the ethics of medicine require that physicians show consideration, compassion and
benevolence for their patients.
Bodywork is a term used in
complementary medicine to describe any therapeutic, healing or personal
development work which
involves some form of touching, energetic work or the physical
manipulation of a practically oriented physical and somatic
understanding of the body. Most forms of bodywork are listed under
somatic disciplines such as Alexander Technique, Bates Method,
Bioenergetics, Bowen Technique, Callenetics, Continuum, Feldenkrais
Method, Kinesiology, Massage, Qi Gong, Reiki, Rolfing, Somatic
Experiencing, Dance such as 5Rhythms by Gabrielle Roth, Tai Chi, Trager
Average Yearly Salary Range: $17.00
Chiropractic Doctors (DC),
patients whose health problems are associated with
the body's muscular, nervous, and skeletal systems, especially the
spine. Also known as Chiropractors, they believe interference with
these systems impairs
normal functions and lowers resistance to disease. The chiropractic
approach to health care is holistic, stressing the patients overall
wellbeing. It recognizes that many factors affect health, including
exercise, diet, rest, environment, and heredity.
in Dentistry includes the job titles of Dentist, Dental Assistant,
Dental Laboratory Technician & Orthodontist.
Hygienists clean teeth and
provide other preventative dental care as well as teach patients how to
oral hygiene. They, also, examine patients teeth and gums, and
the presence of diseases and abnormalities.
M01; CHEM M12, CHEM M13; MATH M03 or MATH M04B; ANAT M01; PHSO M01;
MICR M01; NUTR M01; ENGL M01A; PSY M01, SOC M01, COMM M01
Lower Division Major Courses at MC
M01; PHSO M01; MICR M01; COMM M01; NUTR M01; PSY
M01, SOC M01
of Dentistry diagnose, prevent,
treat problems of
the teeth and tissues of the mouth. They remove decay and fill
cavities, examine X-rays, place protective plastic sealant on
childrens' teeth, straighten teeth, and repair fractured teeth. Most
dentists are general practitioners and other dentists practice in one
of eight specialty areas. Orthodontists, the largest group of
specialists, straighten teeth. Oral and Maxillofacial surgeons operate
in the mouth and jaws. Other dentists
specialize in pediatric
dentistry; periodontics (treating the gums and the bone supporting the
teeth); prosthodontics (making artificial teeth or dentures);
endodontics (root canal therapy); dental public health; and oral
pathology (studying the diseases of the mouth).
professionals who are nationally recognized as experts on food and
and can be found in a variety of settings. Management dietitians work
in health care institutions, schools, cafeterias, and restaurants. They
are responsible for personnel management, menu planning, budgeting, and
dietitians are a vital part of the medical team in
hospitals, nursing homes, health maintenance organizations and other
health care facilities. They work with doctors, nurses, and therapists
to help speed patients recovery and lay the groundwork for long term
health. Opportunities for advancement are available by choosing a
particular area of nutrition, such as diabetes, heart or pediatrics.
work in public and home health agencies, daycare
centers, health and recreations clubs and in government-funded
programs that feed and counsel families, the elderly, pregnant women,
children, disabled and underprivileged individuals. Wherever proper
nutrition can help improve quality of life, they reach out to the
public to teach, monitor and advise. Educator dietitians work
colleges, universities and community or technical schools, teaching
future doctors, nurses, dietitians and dietetic technicians the
sophisticated science of foods and nutrition. Other specialties are
Research, Consultant, Business, and
Division Major Courses at MC for CSU, Northridge: BIOL M01; CHEM M12,
M13; PHSO M01; MICR M01; NTS M09 Recommend:
universities require additional courses in chemistry and biology.)
There are four human eye care
Ophthalmologists, Opticians and Orthoptics.
Ophthalmologists deal with the
surgery of the visual pathways that includes the eye, hairs and areas
surrounding the eye, such as the lacrimal system and eyelids.The term
is an eye specialist for medical and surgical problems.
Click to see
Courses for MD: Follow the plan for MD until you meet with the Pre-Med
Average Yearly Salary: $96, 320.00
Doctors of Optometry (OD) are
concerned with eyes
and related structures, as well as
vision, visual syatems, and visual information processing in humans.
Optometrists and optometry-related organizations interact with
governmental agencies, other health care professionals, and the
community to deliver eye and vision care.
Click to see
Sample Courses for MD: Follow plan for MD until you meet with the
art and science of healing that addresses care of the
whole person - body, mind, and spirit. The practice of holistic
medicine integrates conventional and complementary therapies to promote
optimal health and prevent and treat disease by addressing
contributing factors. In practice, this means that each person is seen
as a unique individual, rather than an example of a particular disease.
Disease is understood to be the result of physical, emotional,
spiritual, social and environmental imbalance. Healing, therefore,
takes place naturally when these aspects of life are brought into
proper balance. The role of the practitioner is as guide, mentor and
role model; the patient must do the work - changing lifestyle, beliefs
and old habits in order to facilitate healing. All appropriate methods
may be used, from medication to meditation.
Lower Division Courses: varies/not available - see counselor
Oriental Medicine is a range of
medical practices that
usually originate in China.
Although well accepted in the mainstream of medical care throughout
East Asia, it is considered an alternative medical system in much of
the Western world. A licensed practitioner is known as O.D., Doctor of
The practice includes such treatments as herbal
medicine, acupunture, dietary therapy, massage and Qi Gong.
Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine (ND,
or in Arizona also Naturopathic
Medical Doctor, or NMD), in sixteen U.S. States and six Canadian
provinces, refers exclusively to an alternative medicine degree granted
by an accredited naturopathic medical school. Naturopathic medicine is
a complementary and alternative medicine which
emphasizes the body's intrinsic ability to heal and maintain itself.
Naturopaths prefer to use natural remedies such as herbs and foods
rather than surgery or synthetic drugs. Naturopathic practice includes
many different modalities. Practitioners emphasize a holistic approach
to patient care and may recommend patients use conventional medicine
alongside their treatments.
Nurse (RN) in
collaboration with other members of a health care team, is
responsible for: treatment, safety, and recovery of acutely or
chronically ill individuals; health promotion and maintenance within
families, communities and populations; and, treatment of
life-threatening emergencies in a wide range of health care settings.
Nurses perform a wide range of clinical and non-clinical functions
necessary to the delivery of health care and may also be involved in
medical and nursing research.
Lower Division Courses: *BIOL M01 or *BIOL
M02A; *CHEM M11 or *CHEM
M12; MATH M07; ANAT M01; PHSO M01; MICR M01 COMM M01; PSY M01; SOC M01 (for some
UC programs include BIOL M02B,
BIOL M02B; CHEM M01A, CHEM M01B, CHEM M07A)
*See Counselor to select the correct courses.
Therapists help patients with work and leisure activities to
promote health by helping people find ways to adapt their lives.
Occupational therapists use careful analysis of physical,
environmental, psychosocial, mental, spiritual, political and cultural
factors to identify barriers to occupation. The primary goal of an
Occupational therapist is to enable individuals, groups and communities
to participate in actitivies which are meaningful to them, reflect
their beliefs and values and produce a sense of accomplishment or
satisfaction. Occupational therapy has been described as addressing the
"skills for the job of living" necessary for "living life to its
Occupational therapy draws from the fields of medicine, psychology,
sociology, anthropology, ethnography, architecture and many other
disciplines in developing its knowledge base.
role, pharmacists (Pharm.D) typically take a request for medicine from
prescribing health care provider who is usually a medical doctor in the
form of a medical prescription, evaluate the appropriateness of the
prescription, dispense the medication to the patient and counsel them
on the proper use and adverse effects of that medication. In this role
pharmacists act as a learned intermediary between physicians and
patients and thus ensure the safe and effective use of medications.
Pharmacists also participate in disease-state management, where they
optimize and monitor drug therapy or interpret medical laboratory
results in collaboration with physicians or other health
professionals. Pharmacists have many areas of expertise and are a
critical source of medical knowledge in clinics, hospitals, medical
laboratory and community pharmacies throughout the world. Pharmacists
also hold positions in the pharmaceutical industry as well as in
pharmaceutical education and research and development institutions.In some countries. patients will consult
with a pharmacist before making the decision to meet with a medical
Physician Assistants (PA) are
licensed to practice medicine
under the supervision of a licensed physician.
A physician assistant is concerned with preventing, maintaining, and
treating human illness and injury by providing a broad range of health
care services that are traditionally performed by a physician. PAs
conduct physical exams, diagnose and treat illnesses, order and
interpret tests, counsel on preventive health care, assist in surgery,
and write prescriptions. They exercise autonomy in medical decision
making as determined by their supervising physician. Physician
assistants are educated in the medical model designed to complement
Doctors of Podiatric Medicine (DPM),
also known as podiatrist and
podiatric physician or surgeon, are
qualified by their education and training to diagnose and treat
conditions affecting the foot, ankle and related structures of the leg.
Sports medicine specializes in
preventing, diagnosing and
treating injuries related to participating in sports or exercise,
specifically the rotation or deformation of joints or muscles caused by
engaging in such physical activities. There are different avenues to
the practice which include Medical School, Physical Therapy School,
Athletic Training, Chiropratic Medicine, and Kinesiology.
Lower Division Major Courses: See Allopathic and Osteopathic Medicine,
Chiropractic Medicine and Physical Therapy
or talk to a counselor about a major in Kinesiology
Average Salary: See Allopathic and Osteopathic Medicine,
Chiropratic Medicine and Physical Therapy
disease prevention in both domestic and
wild animals. The field of veterinary medicine is a highly
competitive yet under employed field of medicine. The skills of highly
qualified veterinarians are in
constant demand and job opportunities within this field are endless.
=refer to Notes column
MD = Medical Doctor, DO = Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine, DVM = Doctor
of Veterinarian Medicine, DDS = Doc of Dental Surgery, DMD=Doctor of
Dental Medicine, Pharm.D = Doctor of Pharmacy, DC=Doctor of
Chiropractic Medicine, ND=Doctor of Natropathic Medicine, OD= Doctor of
Inorganic Chemistry 1A+1B
Major in Pharmacy, CHEM., PHSO,
BIOL, etc. for PharmD
½ years of Biochem is
required for some dental
programs such as UCLA's.
A major in animal sci, life sci,
etc. is best for pre-Vet
Human or Animal Nutrition
Nutr. needs CHEM pre-req. @ the
7 or (5+6)
Requirementis a skill level proven by examination & does not have
to appear on the transcript
16A+ 16B or 25A+25B
Physics 10A+10B or 20 (A+B+C)
The Physics Lab
M01 (M07 for ND)
*PSYC is required by many Med.
Schools and is strongly
recommended by others.
UC recommends all 3 Engl.courses
for pre-med. Use 1B for Hum. & 1C for Critical Thinking
Chart by firstname.lastname@example.orgInformation is subject to
updates!April 29, 2013